empress theodora mosaic


Justinian is depicted as cruel, venal, prodigal and incompetent; as for Theodora, the reader is given a detailed portrayal of vulgarity and underage sex, combined with shrewish and calculating mean-spiritedness; Procopius even claims both are demons whose heads were seen to leave their bodies and roam the palace at night. Interpretations that Justinian never forgot that it was Theodora who had saved his throne depend on seeing Procopius' account as a straightforward report, and not framed to impugn Justinian with the implication that he was more cowardly than his wife.

The Empress Theodora: Partner of Justinian. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2001.

But on hearing this, Theodora prepared her own missionaries and wrote to the duke of Thebaid that he should delay her husband's embassy, so that the Miaphysite missionaries should arrive first. The back of the runner is finished with a half-shell design, referencing the imperial collars worn during Theodora’s reign. Along with her spouse, Theodora is a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church and in the Oriental Orthodox Church, commemorated on 14 November and 28 June respectively. The imagery is a symmetrical abstract butterfly form, each wing stretching to the edge of the plate. She created a convent on the Asian side of the Dardanelles called the Metanoia (Repentance), where the ex-prostitutes could support themselves. She was given charge of his imperial seal, implying that her perusal and consent were necessary before any document or order received legal validity. From Alexandria, she went to Antioch, where she met a Blue faction's dancer, Macedonia, who was perhaps an informer of Justinian. It was the largest church of the period and later became one of the greatest examples of Byzantine architecture.

Brooklyn, New York 11238-6052, Elizabeth A.Sackler Center for Feminist Art, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art. She stayed with him for almost four years before returning to Constantinople. Procopius and the Sixth Century. In my opinion, flight is not the right course, even if it should bring us to safety. They were treated like servants and kept waiting in a small, stuffy room for an endless time. The extended wings represent Theodora’s ability to expand her own role in Byzantium and to create freedoms for women during her time. London and New York: Routledge, 1999. Following the Nika revolt, Justinian and Theodora rebuilt and reformed Constantinople and made it the most splendid city the world had seen for centuries, building or rebuilding aqueducts, bridges and more than twenty five churches. Other Eastern Roman empresses to command such devotion from her husband included Theodora's niece Sophia. The city, now called Qasr Libya, is known for its splendid sixth-century mosaics. The Miaphysites have tended to regard Theodora as one of their own and the tradition may have been invented as a way to improve her reputation and is also in conflict with what is told by the contemporary Miaphysite historian John of Ephesus. Embroidered on the illuminated capital “T” is the dome from one of the most celebrated architectural monuments of Theodora’s reign, Hagia Sophia, built in 530. The Emperor sought her views on most matters before issuing orders. During a procession in 559, Justinian visited and lit candles for her tomb.[23]. After quelling the revolt, Theodora and Justinian confronted the destruction of important monuments in Constantinople, including the original Hagia Sophia. In 532, religious unrest plagued the region. : Harvard University Press, 1935.

1939). Porcelain with overglaze enamel (China paint) and gold glaze, 14 × 14 × 1 3/16 in. Abandoned and maltreated by Hecebolus, on her way back to the capital of the Byzantine Empire, she settled for a while in Alexandria, Egypt. Create your own unique website with customizable templates.

The government officials had sunk into a slavish condition, and she was their slave-instructor. Constantine Porphyrogennetos, The Book of Ceremonies, 1, Appendix 14. She was often present when the Emperor held court, and even held court independently when the Emperor was unwell. Justinian and Empress Theodora. In 528, construction began on the Basilica of San Vitale in Ravenna, Italy, built as an imperial church on the outskirts of the Byzantine Empire. 1971; 2nd.

© Judy Chicago. 490/507; d. 560). She grew up on the outskirts of the Byzantine Empire with a father who was an animal trainer. Connor, Carolyn L. Women of Byzantium. Theodora is displayed as a proud empress. She decorated with many beautiful gems.

Victor Tonnennensis notes her familial relation to the next empress, Sophia. [1], Her contemporary John of Ephesus writes about Theodora in his Lives of the Eastern Saints and mentions an illegitimate daughter.[2]. Theodora worked against her husband's support of Chalcedonian Christianity in the ongoing struggle for the predominance of each faction. She engaged in matchmaking, forming a network of alliances between the old powers, represented by Emperor Anastasius' family and the pre-existing nobility, and the new, who were Justinian's and her relatives.

It is not strange that Theodora is explained attractive in this mosaic. Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the Elizabeth A. Sackler Foundation, 2002.10.

When Pope Silverius refused Theodora's demand that he remove the anathema of Pope Agapetus I from Patriarch Anthimus, she sent Belisarius instructions to find a pretext to remove Silverius. Diehl attributes the modern existence of Jacobite Christianity equally to Baradaeus and to Theodora.[24]. Theodora participated in Justinian's legal and spiritual reforms. Olbia in Cyrenaica renamed itself Theodorias after Theodora. Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the Elizabeth A. Sackler Foundation, 2002.10.

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